What is Bio Compound?

An Integrated Solutions for Environmental Problems

using Bioprocess Technology

Background

Producing organic and non organic waste everyday, human has responsibility to process the waste. According to World Bank there are 6 types of waste and their sources, which are organic (food scraps, yard waste, wood, process residues), plastic, glass, metal, and other (fabric and fashion waste, rubber, e-waste, multi-laminates, appliances, ash, and other inert materials). For most of the past decade, the world has been consuming more food than it has been producing. Each year, there are many food waste and food loss mostly in developed country. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) estimates that, each year, one-third of all food produced for human consumption in the world (around 1.3 billion tons) is lost or wasted. In low income country, the organic waste has the biggest portion: more than 60%, this includes 45% of all fruit and vegetables, 35% of fish and seafood, 30% of cereals, 20% of dairy products and 20% of meat.

The ultimate goal of human’s activities is to fulfil needs, to nurture the body, means to be healthy. We will be healthy if we eat healthy foods. Healthy source of food comes from healthy environment. Every human’s activity, includes technology and innovations, create an impact to the environment. The population growth in line with the increase of food consumption and waste produced, causing an imbalance in the cycle of living being on earth. At the end of the food chain, decomposer cannot overcome the human needs because of slow natural decomposition process. In every decomposition process, there will be greenhouse gasses (GHG) released into the atmosphere causing the global warming. The most destructive part of GHG is methane gases which come from farms. As the result, natural disasters, poor weather ruining harvests, conflict, disease, raising food and fuel prices, and poverty in some areas in the world are inevitable and can cause the global food crisis. We need short and long-term solution to solve this issue.

Our Debt to Nature

Nowadays, some forms of pollution are part of people’s daily experience. The exploitation of the planet has already exceeded acceptable limits and we still have not solved the problem of poverty. Each year, hundreds of millions of tons of waste are generated, much of it non-biodegradable, highly toxic and radioactive, from homes and businesses, from construction and demolition sites, from clinical, electronic and industrial sources. Human was infected by a throwaway culture which affects the excluded just as it quickly reduces things to rubbish. Industrial waste and chemical products utilized in cities and agricultural areas can lead to bioaccumulation in the organisms of the local population, even when levels of toxins in those places are low. Frequently no measures are taken until after people’s health has been irreversibly affected. Human’s negleting and ignorance behaviours towards the nature will only bring negative impacts to entirely planets, moreover human’s life.

Human failed to see our planet as an ecosystem and to accept the way natural ecosystem works because of our partial mindest. We forgot about the food chain, where plants synthesize nutrients which feed herbivores; these in turn become food for carnivores, which produce significant quantities of organic waste which give rise to new generations of plants. But our industrial system, at the end of its cycle of production and consumption, has not developed the capacity to absorb and reuse waste and by-products. Our industrial system have not yet managed to adopt a circular model of production capable of preserving resources for present and future generations, while limiting as much as possible the use of non-renewable resources, moderating their consumption, maximizing their efficient use, reusing and recycling them. Things are made worse by our lifestyle in instant consuming and throwing rubbish.

Climate change is a global problem with grave implications: environmental, social, economic, political and for the distribution of goods. Humanity is called to recognize the need for changes of lifestyle, production, and consumption. It is our debt to the nature and human has responsibility to nurture the planet and to balance the ecosystem by giving something good back to the nature. There is an urgent needs to find a healthy, nature-friendly, fast, easy, cheap, and sustainable solution for these problems by using the available resources in the nature and the technology we have; and by repurposing the waste we already had into valuable materials.

What is Green in the Market is not the Real Green

The history of chemical fertilizer in Indonesia began with the establishment of PT. PUSRI in 1963. Since 1974 the fertilizer industry has been expanding rapidly in some parts of Indonesia. Worsen by the green revolution movement by the government in the 1980’s to boost agriculture productivity using modern technology and methods. The government couraged the farmers to do monoculture and to use imported seeds with chemical fertilizers. These movement brought negative impacts to the environment, to the agriculture productivity in the long term, and to the life of farmers. Currently the use of organic fertilizer is still low due to the highest retail price and the higher risk of planting season. There are several needs for chemical free fertiliser, high quality and low cost fertilisers. This an opportunity to fill the gap on the market.

The organic foods stocking the shelves of Indonesian supermarkets might not actually be organic. Another fact, that Indonesia has generous natural resources but imports many products from other countries, may demotivate local farmers. The rising level of awareness to environment and transparent information about real green products on the products’ label, and the rising needs to be healthy can trigger the farmers and government to change the mindset in doing organic farming.

There are some products using consortium microbes in the market such as bio-activators, organic fertilizers, probiotics supplements, etc. The bio-activators and organic fertilizers in the market are mostly expensive with many requirements for the process and has low availability in the market. The microbes were isolated so have low ability to adapt in new environment and community. Home-made fertilisers is being used widely because of the price. However, there are several drawbacks such as low-quality compost, various composition, and time-consuming process. The composting process is using natural microbes inside the cow manure and external microbes from the environment. This process still produces methane gasses and heat.

Bioprocess Technology

Illustration as shown below, visualize the ecological cycle of a balanced ecosystem. It shows the importance of human’s role in keeping the balance with the help of bioprocess technology with consortium microbes in Bio Compound (BC) to manage waste as the result of fulfilling the needs. BC activates the role of microbes as the main decomposer in the nature life cycle that brings the benefits back for the nature. In the end, the nature will give healthy results that is valuable for human. You are what you eat - if you want to be healthy, eat healthy food that grows in healthy environments.

bioprocess technology image

Consortium Microbes

A microbial consortium is two or more microbial groups living simbiotically with different metabolic activities. The physical characteristics of consortium microbes (estimated up to 150 types) in The Bio Compound (BC) are as follows.

  • Have ability to live in liquids, gases, and solids form.
  • Decomposer for organic and non-organic material.
  • Non Pathogen.
  • Consortium of several types microbes (a.l. Xenorhabdus Japonica, Bacillus Simplex, Paenibacillus Amylolyticus, etc.).
  • Suitable in both aerobic and non-aerobic condition.
  • Fast breed.
  • Produce various type of enzyme in large quantitie.
  • High temperature resistant (up to 1000 Celcius).

In Indonesia, BC has been used as a natural decomposer for organic waste in safe manner with easier application, fast process (less than 24 hours), and sustainable result. SBL wants to change the farmer’s mindset about farming in ecological and sustainable ways. Please read the story below to understand the illustration of the common practices done by farmers in Indonesia.

In using BC, there is a Golden Rule for higher and healthier results. If you want to produce 1 tonne of rice, then you have to give the soil minimum 1 tonne of fertilizer. Another benefit in using BC is that farmers can utilize organic waste, surrounds the farm and where they live, as the fertilizer. Integrated farming using BC can give solution to waste and other environmental problems to support food, water, and energy security. These methods not only give benefits for human but also the nature and other living organisms on earth. The general benefits of our consortium microbes:

  • Improve soil quality and plants health.
  • Improves the health and production of your lifestock.
  • Increase the yields and sustainability of your crops.
  • Improve the heath of your pets.
  • Restore natural water ecology and clarity.
  • Keep your home naturally healthy and clean.
  • Increase the healthy gut flora and immune system, boosting energy levels.